CHILBLAINS – What are they?

CHILBLAINS – What are they?

Chilblains (Pernio) are small, itchy, swellings on the skin that occur as a reaction to cold temperatures.

Up to 1 in 10 people in the UK get chilblains at some stage of their life.

Most often they affect the body’s extremities such as toes, fingers, ears and nose.

They usually go away over 7-14 days

How do the develop?

Chilblains occur several hours after being exposed to the cold.

Some people get chilblains if they warm up cold skin too quickly.

Poor circulation or medication such as Beta-Blockers can make you more prone to developing chilblains.

What are the Signs and Symptoms?

Chilblains can be itchy with a burning sensation.

They are usually red at first but may become purple.

Pain and tenderness over the chilblains often develop and, in some cases may blister or result in a small ulcers forming which could become infected.

How do I prevent getting a chilblain?

Keep your hands and feet warm when out in cold weather by using warm gloves and socks.

Wear footwear suitable for the weather, with thick soles to provide protection against the cold pavements.

Wearing several loose layers to trap body heat.

You should also keep as dry as possible.

Gradually warm up after being out in the cold, keep dry socks on for several hours and do not heat the skin quickly with hot water bottles.

How do I treat a chilblain?

They will usually heal on their own if further exposure to the cold is avoided.

Keep the affected areas warm.

This means staying out of the cold, or wearing warm gloves, and socks when outdoors.

There are also calming chilblains creams available to purchase to ease the discomfort and aid healing.

To book your initial consultation, please contact us by telephone of book online.

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